Why you should re-read the ‘Circle of Influence/Circle of Concern’ Model right now….

I bet when Stephen Covey came up with the Circle of Influence/Circle of Control model in his bestselling book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, he didn’t imagine that it would also be incredibly relevant to a world facing COVID-19.

But it is.

And it’s a useful model to revisit right now – not just for leaders, but for everyone, everywhere.

First though, here’s the premise of the model:

There are two main areas you can spend your energy on – your Circle of Concern or your Circle of Influence. According to Covey, highly effective people spend far more energy focusing on their Circle of Influence than on their Circle of Concern. In a nutshell, the main point of the model is that instead of spending a lot of teeth gnashing on the things that simply concern us, we should spend our time and energy on the things we have influence over or can control.

So what falls into each circle?

Our Circle of Concern will be things which we think about, worry about and which concern us, but which we have no direct influence over. For instance, if we apply this idea to COVID-19, our concern may be about the rate the virus is spreading around the globe and the potential consequences of this. We may be worried about it, but our ability to change this rate as an individual at a global level may be limited (unless of course, you’re a leader of a country or Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus…)

Our Circle of Influence, on the other hand, encompasses those concerns which we can realistically do something about. They’re the things which we can influence, although we may not have direct control over the end outcome. For example, we could use our role as a leader within our organisation to influence our team members to follow the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) recommendations. We can model compassion and care during a challenging time. We can lead effectively through challenging times, like I outline in this blog.  

In essence, our Circle of Influence consists of concerns which we have some control over.

But wait – there’s a third, smaller circle in the middle of the two above, and that’s where the magic lies in troublesome times like these.

Nestled inside the above two circles is a smaller circle. This is your Circle of Control.

This sphere consists of things that are within your control, namely…

  • Your thoughts
  • The way you react to external stimuli
  • The actions you take and the way you ‘show up’ as a leader in times of crisis

As a leader, you many not feel as though you are always entirely in control of these things – your thoughts especially – although practicing mindfulness and cognitive behaviour therapy can help with challenging or unhelpful thoughts. The vast majority of the time, you have the most control over these things in comparison to the other two circles.

If we apply this to COVID-19, things within our Circle of Control include whether we wash our hands often and for a minimum of 20 seconds, choosing other methods of greeting other than shaking hands (like the East Cove Wave)  and by following the guidelines recommended by the WHO. It includes looking out for one another during this challenging time and practicing compassion and cooperation.

Although we may forget it sometimes, other people’s actions, other people’s thoughts, and even the environment directly around us may be able to be influenced by us, but we never, ever control them! Confusing influence and control can lead to all sorts of anxiety and hand wringing. 

Do you spend a sizeable chunk of your time and energy outside your circle of influence? If you do, here are two good options:

  1. Focus your attention elsewhere
  2. Focus your attention on those issues in a way that puts them in your Circle of Influence.

Whenever you find yourself feeling anxious (which is understandable in these current times), try asking yourself: “What is within my control in this situation? What small, proactive or positive thing can I do to respond?”

Figure out some good ideas and act on them. If you really can’t think of anything, perhaps you’re better to redirect your energy, thinking and resources to an area where you can actually make a positive difference, no matter how small.

As you lead yourself and your team through these stormy waters, remember Covey’s model and spend your time and energy within your Circle of Influence or Circle of Control, while encouraging others to do the same.

Speaking of the Circle of Control, you could share this blog post with your team or colleagues!

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Suzi McAlpine

Suzi McAlpine is a Leadership Development Specialist and author of the award-winning leadership blog, The Leader’s Digest. She writes and teaches about accomplished leadership, what magic emerges when it’s present, and how to ignite better leadership in individuals, teams and organisations. Suzi has been a leader and senior executive herself, working alongside CEOs and executive teams in a variety of roles. Her experience has included being a head-hunter, an executive coach, and a practice leader for a division at the world’s largest HR consulting firm. Suzi provides a range of services as a Leadership Development Specialist, including executive coaching, leadership workshops and development programmes for CEOs, leadership teams and organisations throughout New Zealand.

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